Through the analysis the perceptions and representation of the main players of the political game in Africa, this book reports on current and future successes and difficulties of civil society in its fight for the promotion of democracy on the continent. If alternation is the fundamental characteristics of democracy, the outgoing president who recognizes his defeat in the elections, congratulates his opponent and organizes the handover of power is ultimately the one who gives credit to this mode of goverment. The study of conflicts and power rivalries is complemented by an analysis of the ambiguous role of the international community. The advent of the third terms has fostered the emergence of a new component of African civil society within its diaspora in the West which vehemently denounces the connivance and inconsistencies of global governance. The author shows that leaders who marked the history of democracy and the hearts of young generations in Africa have only had four years of power.