D H Lawrence (1885-1930) was an English writer and poet whose collected works represent, among other things, an extended reflection on the dehumanising effect of modernity and industrialisation. Some of the issues he explores are sexuality, emotional health, spontaneity and instinct. Lawrence's opinions earned him many enemies and he endured official persecution, censorship and misrepresentation of his creative work throughout the second half of his life, much of which he spent in voluntary exile. At the time of his death his public reputation was that of a pornographer who had wasted his considerable talents but in an obituary notice E M Forster challenged this view, and later literary critic F R Leavis championed both his artistic integrity and moral seriousness. Lawrence is best known for his novels Sons and Lovers (1913), The Rainbow (1915), and Lady Chatterley's Lover. The latter was first published privately in Italy in 1928, then in France in 1929. An unexpurgated edition was not published openly in the UK until 1960 when it was the subject of a watershed obscenity trial against the publisher Penguin Books who won the case and quickly sold 3 million copies. Notorious for its explicit descriptions of sex and use of then-unprintable words, this story of the physical and emotional relationship between a working-class man and upper-class woman is said to have originated from events in Lawrence's own unhappy domestic life, and he took inspiration for the settings from his native Nottinghamshire.